LeitsätzlichesGanz so einfach, eine positive WIPO-Entscheidung aufgrund einer recht bekannten Marke zu erhalten, ist es nicht. Hier wird der Antrag zur Übertragung der Domain abgelehnt, weil sich der Antragsteller nicht zuvor mit dem Domaininhaber in Kontakt gesetzt und dessen Bösgläubigkeit bei Benutzung bzw. Registrierung nicht nachgewiesen hat.
WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center
ADMINISTRATIVE PANEL DECISION
Fall Nummer: D2003-0923
Entscheidung vom 8. Januar 2004
1. The Parties
The Complainant is 2Advanced ...., United States of America....
The Respondent is Dreamrack ..., United States of America.
2. The Domain Name and Registrar
The disputed domain name 2advanced.org> (the "Domain Name") is registered with Tucows Inc. (the "Registrar").
3. Procedural History
The Complaint was filed with the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center (the "Center") on November 20, 2003. On November 21, 2003, the Center transmitted by email to the Registrar a request for registrar verification in connection with the Domain Name. On November 21, 2003, the Registrar transmitted by email to the Center its verification response confirming that the Respondent is listed as the registrant and providing the contact details for the administrative, billing, and technical contact. The Center verified that the Complaint satisfied the formal requirements of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Policy"), the Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Rules"), and the WIPO Supplemental Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Supplemental Rules").
In accordance with the Rules, paragraphs 2(a) and 4(a), the Center formally notified the Respondent of the Complaint, and the proceedings commenced on December 8, 2003. In accordance with the Rules, paragraph 5(a), the due date for a Response was December 28, 2003. The Respondent did not submit a Response. Accordingly, the Center notified the parties of the Respondentâ€™s default on December 29, 2003.
The Center appointed Maxim H. Waldbaum as the sole panelist in this matter on January 6, 2004. The Panel finds that it was properly constituted. The Panel has submitted the Statement of Acceptance and Declaration of Impartiality and Independence, as required by the Center to ensure compliance with the Rules, paragraph 7.
4. Factual Background
The Complainant is a website design firm which markets and sells its services under the name "2Advanced Studios". Complainantâ€™s mark 2ADVANCED is a federally registered trademark in the United States.
According to the Registrar, the domain name 2advanced.org> was registered by the Respondent on November 16, 2003.
5. Partiesâ€™ Contentions
The Complainant is a very well known, cutting edge website design firm which operates under the name "2Advanced Studios". The Complainant has continuously used the mark 2ADVANCED to identify its business and services and the mark has been listed on the principal register of the United States Patent and Trademark Office since August 21, 2001.
In November 2001, the Complainant registered the Domain Name and began using it to point to its website. However, the Domain Name expired on November 13, 2003, due to Complainantâ€™s unintentional failure to reregister the Domain Name. Just three days after Complainantâ€™s registration expired, the Respondent registered the Domain Name.
The Respondentâ€™s registration for the Domain Name is identical to the domain name previously registered by the Complainant. In addition, the "2ADVANCED" portion of the Domain Name is identical in appearance and sound to Complainantâ€™s registered trademark.
There is no evidence of the Respondentâ€™s use of, or demonstrable preparations to use, the Domain Name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services. In addition, the Respondent has not been commonly known by the Domain Name and is not making any legitimate non-commercial or fair use of the Domain Name.
The circumstances surrounding Respondentâ€™s registration of the Domain Name suggest that the Respondent intends to use the Domain Name for commercial gain, to misleadingly divert Internet users, or to tarnish the Complainantâ€™s trademark. For example, the fact that the Complainant is very well known in its industry suggests that the Respondent likely acquired the Domain Name for the purpose of selling it to the Complainant or a competitor of the Complainant.
The Respondentâ€™s registration of the Domain Name has prevented the Complainant, as owner of the mark, from reflecting the mark 2ADVANCED in a corresponding domain name. Furthermore, by using the Domain Name, the Respondent is likely to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users by creating a likelihood of confusion with the Complainantâ€™s mark as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation or endorsement of the Respondentâ€™s website.
The Respondent did not reply to the Complainantâ€™s contentions.
6. Discussion and Findings
According to paragraph 4(a) of the Policy, the Complainant must prove that:
(i) The domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark or service mark in which the Complainant has rights;
(ii) The Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in respect of the domain name; and
(iii) The domain name has been registered and is being used in bad faith.
A. Identical or Confusingly Similar
The Complainantâ€™s mark 2ADVANCED is a federally registered trademark in the United States. The Complainantâ€™s evidence shows that the mark has gained recognition in the Complainantâ€™s field of business. The Panel thus finds that the mark is protected by federal and common law.
As the second-level domain of the domain name 2advanced.org> is identical to the Complainantâ€™s mark, the Panel finds that the Domain Name is confusingly similar to the Complainantâ€™s mark.
B. Rights or Legitimate Interests
The Respondent is not a licensee of the Complainant or otherwise authorized to use the Domain Name and there is no evidence that the Respondent is commonly known by the Domain Name. In addition, the Respondent is not making a legitimate non-commercial or fair use of the Domain Name or using the Domain Name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services.
The Panel finds that the Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in the Domain Name.
C. Registered and Used in Bad Faith
The Complainant has failed to meet its burden of showing that the Respondent registered and used the Domain Name in bad faith. The Complainant has not shown that the Respondent is a competitor of the Complainant or knew of the Complainantâ€™s mark.
The Panel considers the Respondentâ€™s registration of the Domain Name, which corresponds to a mark recognized in the web-design field, three days after the Complainantâ€™s registration lapsed to be highly suspicious and quite possibly in bad faith. However, the Complainant provides no evidence that the Respondent was aware of the Complainantâ€™s mark and no information about the intentions of the Respondent. In addition, except for the Whois details, the Complainant has submitted no information about the Respondentâ€™s identity. Such information would likely be relevant to a determination of whether the Respondent knew of the Complainantâ€™s trademark when registering the Domain Name.
The Panel is aware that some respondents take great care in avoiding contact with complainants, precisely for the purpose of avoiding a UDRP proceeding. However, the Panel notes that the Complainant provides no indication that it even attempted to communicate with the Respondent in order to ascertain the Respondentâ€™s reason for registering the Domain Name or the intended use of the Domain Name, or to demand that the Respondent cease and desist using the Domain Name.
Under these circumstances, the Panel chooses not to draw any inferences from the Respondentâ€™s current nonuse of the Domain Name as the Respondent registered the Domain Name only four days before the Complaint was filed and only two months before the date of this opinion.
Mere allegations of bad faith registration and use are not enough to warrant a finding for the Complainant. Despite the suspicious circumstances surrounding the registration of a known trademark and the failure of the Respondent to file a Response, because the Complainant has put forward no tangible evidence supporting its accusation of the Respondentâ€™s bad faith registration and use of the Domain Name, the Panel has no choice but to find that the element of bad faith has not been proven.
The Panelâ€™s ruling on bad faith is based on the evidence presented to the Panel as of the date of this ruling. The ruling does not, however, imply that the Complainant will have no UDRP remedy in the future in the event the Respondent begins using the Domain Name in bad faith or in a manner inconsistent with Complainantâ€™s rights in the mark 2ADVANCED. If bad faith is manifested by the Respondent at a future date, the Complainant may elect to file a new complaint seeking transfer of the Domain Name based on subsequent facts and such complaint will be reviewed by the WIPO panel based on the facts and evidence presented at such time.
For all the foregoing reasons, the Complaint is denied.